Vision Therapy and Developmental Myopia

Of the 3 types of myopia: Infantile, Stress induced, and Developmental, the Developmental type is the one most easily controlled by vision therapy. A child with developmental myopia has a binocular disorder in which the eyes have difficulty aligning properly while reading. The additional effort required to force the eyes to hold together creates excess stress on the child’s focusing (accommodative) system which in turn causes a physical change on the eyeball, creating an increase in prescription. The binocular disorder creates an inefficient viewing system that drives elongation of the eye from the excess strain. In our experience, vision therapy is a very effective treatment for this type of myopia.

Vision Therapy and Stress Induced Myopia

Unlike developmental myopia, stress induced myopia occurs in children who have started reading at a very early age before the binocular system has had a chance to mature and develop. Typically in these situations, the patient’s tracking is poor, the focusing system is inefficient but there is no deficiency to be found in the binocular system. For these patients, we usually recommend orthokeratology along with a low reading prescription to keep their prescriptions from advancing. In some cases vision therapy would be recommended as well, especially if there is a muscle spasm in the focusing system causing the prescription to be temporarily higher.

Infantile Myopia

Infantile myopia is not caused by stress or over­use of the visual system but rather is somehow associated with problems experienced by the fetus during gestation. We recommend vision therapy in infantile myopia if we find that there is also a binocular disorder such as amblyopia, eye turn, or poor tracking development in the child with infantile myopia.

Successful Case Studies

  • Learning Difficulties

    Patient 1: LF, 39 year old male. Extremely slow reader ever since childhood, took 15 years to get his bachelor’s degree. He heard about vision therapy and wanted to see if it could improve his reading. Exam results: nearsighted in both eyes with small amounts of astigmatism mild convergence insufficiency (poor…

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  • Strabismus (Eye Turns)

    Patient 1: JS, 10 year old female. Her eyes drift outward alternately. Is also nearsighted and also wearing orthokeratology overnight lenses to see clearly. Also has a tendency to skip over small words when reading and ignores many details. When doing math problems she frequently misaligns numbers. Exam results: When…

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  • Myopia Control

    Patient 1: YS, 13 year old male. Mother was concerned about his eyesight deteriorating year after year. Just recently got new glasses which were much stronger than his old ones. Exam results: Needs ­-2.75 in both eyes to see 20/20 but other testing reveals that he should be capable of…

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  • Amblyopia

    Patient 1: CG, 6 year old male. Mom just found out that he had amblyopia in both eyes and wants to see if we could quickly treat it and get him to normal. Exam results: Highly farsighted in both eyes with astigmatism Both eyes see 20/100 only (5 times the…

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Click to Learn more About

  • Myopia Control

    Does your child’s eyesight continually get worse year after year? Small deviations in visual alignment may be inducing excess stress on your child’s eyes and causing eyesight to worsen rapidly. We can…

  • Eye Turn (strabismus)

    In many types of strabismus we are able to straighten the eyes through natural therapy without resorting to invasive eye muscle surgery. We retrain the brain to utilize both eyes simultaneously to…

  • Lazy Eye (amblyopia)

    We can treat lazy eye and help get your child’s eyesight to normal. If you’ve tried patching and vision has stopped improving after hitting a plateau, give us a call and we…

  • Concussion Management

    Are you or someone you know suffering from the after-effects of head trauma? In the US, over 4 million head injuries are reported each year due to sports, recreation, work related injuries,…

  • Orthokeratology

    Orthokeratology is a treatment for myopia which utilizes a specially designed contact lens worn during sleep. The lens reshapes the eye so that the patient is able to see clearly during the…